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Swedish labor market consensus is much from the entire story, says researcher

Metal worker during the 1950s. Credit: ALVIN. Twentieth century Swedish labor market policy was not solely shaped by inter-class cooperation, but also by tough conflicts. Industrial rationalization and investments in new technology were met with protests from workers. A new doctoral thesis reveals parallels between technological changes during 1920–1950 and the transition we face today

Swedish labor market consensus is much from the entire story, says researcher

Swedish labor market consensus is far from the whole story
Metallic employee throughout the Fifties. Credit score: ALVIN.

Twentieth century Swedish labor market coverage was not solely formed by inter-class cooperation, but additionally by robust conflicts. Industrial rationalization and investments in new know-how have been met with protests from employees. A new doctoral thesis reveals parallels between technological adjustments throughout 1920–1950 and the transition we face at the moment with, for instance, synthetic intelligence and automation.

“The picture of the twentieth-century Swedish as exceptionally cooperative is fake. Even after the Saltsjöbaden Settlement of 1938, there have been many conflicts between employees and employers, typically fueled by . These disputes influenced the form of what we now know because the Swedish mannequin,” says Arvand Mirsafian, who lately defended his thesis in .

In his thesis, Mirsafian examines how manufacturing facility employees responded to the rationalization and restructuring of trade and the labor market throughout the interval 1920–1950. Extra particularly, he describes how crucial technological shifts affected members of the metalworkers’ union, Metall, and the way this in flip led to industrial motion that formed the Swedish labor market mannequin.

Amongst different sources, the research is predicated on materials within the archives of Metall, the Swedish Commerce Union Confederation, native commerce union branches and the newspapers of the labor motion. By doing so, Mirsafian was capable of research how views of rationalization differed throughout the commerce union motion, and the way the interior debate influenced the institutional framework of labor market coverage.

Whereas there was a powerful need for cooperation between the labor market events at central stage, the truth was very completely different on the store flooring, the place the employees seen rationalization as a possible menace to their working situations and autonomy. Throughout this era, the metalworkers’ protests grew to become an vital issue shaping the commerce union motion’s insurance policies and industrial relations.

“Whereas the leaders of the commerce union motion have been conscious that technological change would possibly result in extra intensive cooperation with , their members have been satisfied that employers have been exploiting new know-how to each hold wages down and improve productiveness,” says Mirsafian.

One important occasion throughout the interval was the metalworkers’ strike of 1945, which partly at the very least was a response to rationalization. Over 120,000 metalworkers took industrial motion. The strike resulted in each new collective agreements and new establishments to manage the usage of know-how in trade and cooperation between the labor market events, with the goal of guaranteeing that technological change would profit each side. The strike influenced the emergent financial coverage of the motion as a complete.

Mirsafian’s analysis reveals parallels between technological adjustments throughout the interwar years and Forties and the transition we face at the moment with, for instance, synthetic intelligence and automation.

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“Technological change has at all times meant a renegotiation of the steadiness of energy within the labor market. The developments we’re witnessing at the moment aren’t any exception. There is no such thing as a such factor as politically impartial know-how; it’s formed by varied societal pursuits. Historical past may give us a greater understanding of how present-day society can handle the challenges posed by technological change,” says Mirsafian.

Extra data:
Mirsafian, Arvand. Staff and Expertise: Commerce Unionism, Rationalization, and Labour Market Coverage in Sweden 1920–1950 (2024). uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A1851407&dswid=-4288

Quotation:
Swedish labor market consensus is much from the entire story, says researcher (2024, July 10)
retrieved 11 July 2024
from https://phys.org/information/2024-07-swedish-labor-consensus-story.html

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